01 Jun Issues Involving Diabetes and Dental Implants Success Rate
Several people are wondering about the link between dental implants and diabetes such as the success or failure rate of the implantation process among individuals suffering from this medical condition. Are diabetic patients more likely to undergo failure during and after the placement of implants, or is the success rate not impacted by this condition at all? Discover more about the outcome of dental implants among diabetic people, as well as other concerns that may arise as you read along.
Overview on Diabetes and Its Types
There are generally two types of diabetes that affect individuals such as Type 1 and Type 2. The following are some facts about the two including the nature of condition, cause and other important details concerning the ailment.
1. Type 1 Diabetes
This condition is primarily due to the effects of an autoimmune reaction that destroys healthy cells in your pancreas. The cells are responsible for insulin production, and the destruction becomes progressive as the condition remains unaddressed. While the initial episodes of immune reactions are still unknown, there have been studies that claim some factors contributing to this condition such as environmental components, viral infections and genetics.
2. Type 2 Diabetes
Obesity is the main issue associated with type 2 diabetes. Unfortunately, those who suffer from this condition have impaired wound healing and recovery. They are also prone to infections, and some oral issues that people with type 2 diabetes experience include periodontal disease, dry mouth and caries.
Dental Implants and Diabetes – Are There Risks Involved?
Various factors impact the success or failure of dental implantation among diabetic patients such as the age, severity of the condition and the type of diabetes they suffer from. In some studies that involved 40 diabetics who underwent implantation at 2 clinical centers, at least 31 failures were noted, and this accounted for the 85.6 percent success rate. In addition, of the 31 failures, 24 of these were noted during the initial year of the patient’s functional loading. To analyze the success percentage rate closer, it was assessed that there was an 85.5 percent success for the maxilla while it was 85.7 percent for the mandible. As for the anterior region, it was 83.5 percent successful while there was an 85.6 percent success rate for the posterior region.
In other studies that were conducted in 2007 and 2008, which involved 720 implants, the initial success rate among diabetic patients was 96 percent, as compared to the 98.1 percent in healthy and non-diabetic individuals. In 2010, further studies were performed, and there was a 95 percent rate of survival with diabetic patients, two years after the placement of implants.
It is worth noting that there is a significant difference in terms of dental implant success and survival rates involving diabetic patients. There are various factors affecting the outcome of the implantation process such as the blood sugar control level, physical fitness, alcohol intake, and other medical conditions that impact bone or wound healing. With this in mind, it is important to consider these issues prior to undergoing the process, so that risks will be minimized while increasing the chances of a successful dental implantation.