The initial eruption caused a 500 metre fissure in a nearby pass. It is a moderately active volcano, but, relatively less active than its neighbors Katla and Eldfell. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Here are some facts about Eyjafjallajokull. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. this helped me for a volcano project, CHEERS! Mauna Kea also in Hawaii is a taller volcano with a height of 4,207 m but currently is dormant. The ash cloud reached as far as the south coast of England, Germany and parts of western Russia. Most of us know the name Eyjafjallajökull for exactly this reason. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. In 1967, there was a massive landslide on the Steinholtsjökull glacial tongue. The volcano is also called Eyjafjalla volcano, Eyjafjöll, and Eyjafjalla Glacier volcano. Therefore, air traffic is stopped in case volcanic ash is released in the atmosphere. Eyjafjallajökull, English Eyjafjalla Glacier, glacier, southern Iceland.The former western extension of Mýrdalsjökull (Mýrdals Glacier), from which it is now separated by the small ice-free Fimmvörduháls Pass, Eyjafjallajökull covers an area of about 40 square miles (100 square km). Eyjafjallajökull (also known as Eyjafjöll) is located west of Katla volcano. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The sea gradually moved about 5km south. ▲ The 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull are termed as the series of events that took place from January 2010. Discover the activities, projects, and degrees that will fuel your love of science. Corbis. Japan. Formation of volcanoes is quite intriguing. Eyjafjallajökull volcano type . USA. However, the major eruption took place on March 21, 2010. Hence, the name of the volcano. In other cases, collision of the plates results in formation of excess heat and magma. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The name of the volcano Eyjafjallajökull is quite difficult to pronounce. Eyjafjallajokull volcano, Icelandic volcano whose name is derived from an Icelandic phrase meaning ‘the island’s mountain glacier.’ Lying beneath Eyjafjallajökull (Eyjafjalla Glacier), its summit rises to 5,466 feet (1,666 meters) above sea level. homework sorted thanks to this much appreciated, This has been very helpful! The eruptions from such volcanoes may raise up to eight thousand feet from their base. Preceding the eruption of the Eyjafjallajokull volcano, there was seismic and volcanic activity at Fimmvörðuháls (Fimmvorduhals). Since January, smaller earthquakes (measuring 2 or less on the Richter scale) were felt by natives. Farmers in Iceland were warned to not let livestock drink from water tainted by the ash. The powerful and active Hekla volcano, which used to be nicknamed “the gateway to hell” was once the most famous volcano in Iceland. Here are some facts about Eyjafjallajokull. Records show eruptions in … The ash from the 1821 eruption can still be found in the area. Radar images of Eyjafjallajökull are strangely similar and comparable to the painting, "The Scream." We hope you are enjoying ScienceStruck! By the end of that year, it had grown up to a whopping 1,100 feet, and ended its growth spurt in … Its peculiar and unusual name, Eyjafjallajökull, is formed due to combination of various words with meanings, viz., Eyja meaning island; fjalla meaning mountain; and jokull meaning glacier. is quite intriguing. very helpful especially with your homework,10 interesting facts.JUST WHAT I NEED. Eyjafjallajokull is what is known as a stratovolcano, meaning it has a large, steep sided cone. The name means "island-mountains glacier". The volcano lies beneath Eyjafjallajökull (Eyjafjalla Glacier). By comparison, Hekla is a mere infant at just 8800 years of age. Tambora (1815) or Mount Pinatubo (1991), Eyjafjallajökull is noteworthy for the major air traffic disruptions it caused in the entire northern hemisphere in 2010. The facts mentioned here will help reveal some amazing information about the volcano. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. However, volcano eruption can lead to a health threat on a large scale. Eyjafjallajökull is a composite type, also known as the stratovolcano type. Eyjafjallajökull volcano is an ice-cap covered stratovolcano located to the north of Skógar (Skogar) and to the west of Mýrdalsjökull (Myrdalsjokull) glacier in southern Iceland. Here, a list of strange facts surrounding the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull: The volcano looks like Edvard Munch's "The Scream" Fissure-fed lava flows occur on both the E and W flanks, but are more prominent on the western side. Now there are beautiful steep cliffs and waterfalls. The volcano, Eyjafjallajökull erupted just over 5 years ago, and therefore this makes it a much more tangible case study as it is something many people will have seen on the news making it more relatable. Great info and interesting. The volcano looks like Edvard Munch's "The Scream." What this means is that it’s a conical volcano built over time by layers of various volcanic materials. thx. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. A 500 metre fissure. Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano. Eyjafjallajökull, lying in south-west of Iceland, is a volcano covered by an ice cap. I’m doing a similar thing, but I’m making a documentary for my project. The huge amount of ash disrupted air traffic for nearly a week (14-20 April). ▲ The initial eruption (on March 21) created a 500 meters fissure in the Fimmvörduháls Pass. Eyjafjallajokull Volcano Facts. Weird sounding volcano, Eyjafjallajökull is one of the most famous places in Iceland. The Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland is known to everyone because of its most recent eruption in the year 2010 that disrupted the air traffic in entire Europe. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Our research relies on our strong in-country partnerships. Meitnerium is one of the radioactive elements in the Mendeleev's periodic table. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Location : The eruption began on 20th March 2010 and ended 7 months later in October 2010. Different parts of the name mean island, mountain and glacier. ▲ Eyjafjallajokull showed both, effusive and explosive eruptions. It has been an active volcano since many decades. The eruption started on 20 March. I am dong a school project on this specific volcano & these are much needed facts for me. This type of volcano is generally a steep sided, symmetrical cone of large dimensions. This, in turn, led to a quick rise in the water levels, resulting in flooding in some places. The facts mentioned here will help reveal some amazing information about the volcano. ▲ On April 14, 2010, new fissures of lava were formed which melted the ice. Situated in the south west of Iceland, Eyjafjallajokull is an 800,000 year old volcano with an almost unpronounceable name that was thrust into the limelight when it erupted in 2010… causing an ash cloud that grounded aviation in the northern hemisphere.It is reckoned to be the oldest active strato volcano on the island. ▲ There were no casualties caused due to the volcanic eruption. The eruption was relatively small but its impact was massive. Mount Etna in Sicily (Italy) is Europe’s largest active volcano … this site is epic. Facts about the eruption. Therefore, a close watch was kept on Katla after the 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull. Find such facts and uses here in this article. Discover more volcano facts by visiting our volcanoes resources page. In April 2010 the Eyjafjallajokull volcano in Iceland erupted. One of the very interesting facts about lawrencium is that it is an element which does not exist naturally. Black hardened lava, volcanic ash, pumice rock, and tephra fragments all combine to form different stratified colors and textures. While everyone has a version of their own, ay-yah-fyah-lah-yoh-kuul and ay-uh-full-ay-ho-kul are some of the easiest and simplest ones. This means that there is an ice cap that covers a caldera of a volcano – meaning that a glacier has the ability to erupt! Its peculiar and unusual name, Eyjafjallajökull, is formed due to combination of various words with meanings, viz.. meaning glacier. A broad plume of brown ash spreads east and south from Eyjafjallajokull Volcano in this image from May 6, 2010. Mauna Loa in Hawaii (Pacific Ocean) is the world’s largest active shield volcano standing at 4,170 m high. Learn how your comment data is processed. The ash plume from the eruption reached as high as 7km into the air, and the glass-rich ash caused major disruptions in air travel. Case study - eruption in a developed country: Eyjafjallajökull. Xx. It suddenly appeared in a Mexican cornfield on February 20, 1943. We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. Very good for HW. You are all awesome. 2. Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland recently erupted in 2010, resulting in air traffic disruption on a large scale across Europe. these facts were very useful as I am doing a report on this vocano!! Eyjafjallajokull is a volcano that is entirely covered by an ice cap. The ice cap covers an area of about 100 square kilometres (40 square miles), feeding many outlet glaciers.The main outlet glaciers are to the north: Gígjökull, flowing into Lónið, and Steinholtsjökull, flowing into Steinholtslón. A hiker near the Eyjafjallajokull Volcano as it smoulders in the distance Not for the faint-hearted, an 8 hour day hike up Eyjafjallajökull is truly an awe inspiring experience. thx! Farmlands were covered with thick layer of ash, water was contaminated, and crops were affected on a large scale. it helped with my fact file in geography. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Thank u so much I’m writing an eight hundred wrd essay. Thank you~ I’m also doing a school project on this volcano and this gave me so much information!! This helps a lot since I’m doing a school homework project. thanks this helped us with some fun facts for our science, Thank you soooo much I am doing a stupid geography assignment and I usually find my homework really boring but this actually made it fun thks again Xx. ▲ Although less violent as compared to the eruptions of Mt. 3. There are three types of volcanoes, namely cinder, composite, and shield. These cookies do not store any personal information. thanks for this. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Eyjafjallajokull is a volcano that is entirely covered by an ice cap. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. There are three types of volcanoes, namely cinder, composite, and shield. Objectives To examine the long-term development of physical and mental health following exposure to a volcanic eruption. Fimmvorduhals eruption. Its unusual and difficult to pronounce name comes from the combination of various words with different meanings. Keep up the good work. Kenya. The ice cap covers an area of about 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi) and it has many outlet glaciers. The 5,466-foot-tall (1,666-meter-tall) Eyjafjallajökull volcano first erupted on March 20, 2010. ▲ Eyjafjallajökull is a glacial volcano. ▲ Explosions at Eyjafjallajökull sent an ash plume to a height of 9-11 kilometers in the atmosphere. Sometimes, the plates move far apart, creating gaps. It is one of the oldest stratovolcanoes Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano. These facts are very important and much needed. The Civil Protection Department of the Icelandic Police produced regular reports about access to the area, including a map of the restricted area around Eyjafjallajokull, from which the public was forbidden. Eyjafjallajökull consists of a volcano completely covered by an ice cap. Another glacier covered volcano, Katla, is located about 25 km away from Eyjafjallajokull. Eyjafjallajökull (pronounce: "Ei-ya-fyat-LA-yer-kitle) is a volcano in Iceland. Now there are beautiful steep cliffs and waterfalls. Australia. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. It is located on the south coast of the island of Iceland, about 3km inland. • The 1815 volcano Tambora in Indonesia was the biggest observed by humans and killed more than 70,000 people • The most lava ever recorded from a single eruption in the past few hundred years was the 1783 Laki eruption in Iceland. The world's largest active volcano is Hawaii's Mauna Loa volcano, peaking at 13,677 feet (4,170 meters) above sea level and over 28,000 feet (8,534 meters) from the ocean floor. "Volcano tourism" quickly sprang up in the wake of the eruption, with local tour companies offering day trips to see the volcano. What left us amazed was the fact that a relatively unknown, relatively smaller volcano eruption could have a major impact on the world, specially on the economy (airlines are believed to have lost $1.7bn, and around 10m people were stranded due to the volcanic ash). This hot lava is thrown up with a lot of force above the Earth’s surface, which we see as a volcanic eruption or lava. Thanks Primary Facts! I’m doing a Science project on this volcano. India. Would you like to write for us? Some of the most violent volcanic eruptions in the world are those of stratovolcanoes like Mount Vesuvius, Mount Etna, Mount Erebus, etc. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. It is located on the south coast of the island of Iceland, about 3km inland. Its latest 2010 eruption paralysed the air traffic and, caused a lot of commotion for days. ▲ Prior to 2010, Eyjafjallajökull had erupted in 920, 1612-1613, and 1821-23. Records kept since Iceland was settled show that the volcano erupted in 920, 1612 or 1613, and 1821–23. It can cause difficulty in navigation and lead to engine failure in aircraft. it helped a lot i had to write a report as well. Eyjafjallajökull is a composite type, also known as the stratovolcano type. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. this helped us alot with our travel and tourism work! A 500-meter- (2,000-foot) long fissure opened in the Fimmvörduháls pass to the west of the ice-covered summit of Eyjafjallajökull. Eyjafjallajokull volcano is considered a stratovolcano. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. It is a volcano that sits underneath a glacier, so when it erupts, there is thousands of tonnes of snow and ice to melt first creating massive steam and ash clouds. The gaps or the friction causes the magma to rise upwards. However, it proves that no volcanic activity, in any part of the world, is to be taken lightly. The recent volcanic eruption of Mount Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland has once again brought home the effect that volcanoes can have on society, even in a technologically-advanced society. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull Volcano burst into life for the first time in 190 years on March 20, 2010. Rapid vaporization of ice led to phreatomagmatic explosions. The eruption of Eyjafjallajokull in May 2010 resulted in the grounding of thousands of flights all over Europe. Mauna has not erupted since 2460 BC. The sea gradually moved about 5km south. The Eyjafjallajokull volcano. These cookies do not store any personal information. Iceland’s capital… I am working on a school project and this info is very good. The extreme rise in temperature led to melting of ice. Here, you can read more Eyjafjallajökull facts. Your email address will not be published. ▲ Interestingly, in the past it has always been seen that eruptions in Eyjafjallajökull have been followed by eruptions in Katla. As volcanoes go, Eyjafjallajökull […] In Iceland, 25% of the population died from the volcano and famine, and the King of Denmark (who also ruled Iceland at the time) suggested just moving all the 37.000 survivors to Jutland. Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland recently erupted in 2010, resulting in air traffic disruption on a large scale across Europe. Successive eruptions sent roughly 30-story-tall "fire fountains" gushing from its … Ive needed it for my geography homework. This still active volcano has a 4 mile trek to the summit that adventurers can conquer, though it is strongly advised that you enlist the help of a professional guide. These plates constantly keep on moving and shifting. It is composed of layers of hardened lava, tephra, and volcanic ash. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. I am doing a project for this volcano as well. Required fields are marked *. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. However, it led to deaths of large number of livestock due to fluoride released in the volcanic ash. Thanks again. It forced a Monty Python star to take a $5,000 cab ride. ▲ It is a stratovolcano. Copyright © Science Struck & Buzzle.com, Inc. Although active, Eyjafjallajokull usually goes several centuries between eruptions, erupting in 920, 1612, 1821 and 2010. There are numerous plates in the mantle layer, just beneath the Earth’s crust. Europe experienced air travel chaos for almost one month as much of the continent ground to a standstill. Thanks so much doing a school report this helped a lot, i am also doing a project and i bet i might get a 100%. Through engagement with national to local civil protection agencies, government departments, research institutions, civil society groups, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), the private sector and communities both in the UK and overseas, we are contributing to strategies for disaster risk reduction. It is spread across 39 square miles. Iceland has several volcanoes and is situated on two tectonic plates – the North American plate and Eurasian plate. Hope the essay went well, Chloe. But, no volcanic activity has been found in Katla since then. Got to be 2000 words so thanks for the help!! ▲ The eruption in 1821 was also relatively minor. Eruption of Eyjafjallajökull Volcano, Iceland. I think this is very interesting! :), Thank you this has just helped me write my fact file on the EYJAFJALLAJOKULL volcano. The ash plume that was created reached a height of 11 km. Eyjafjallajokull consists of a volcano which is completely covered by an ice cap. The south end of the mountain was once part of the coastline of the Atlantic ocean. [3] Indonesia , Japan , and the United States have the most active volcanoes in the world. Data were collected at 2 time points: in 2010 and 2013. Hekla Volcano. It was the highest level of air travel disruption since. im lerning about this volcano and this helps with homework alot, Very helpful for research project in S2/Year 8/7th or 8th Grade (not too sure as I’m Scottish!!) Setting In spring 2010, the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull erupted. The name means "island-mountains glacier". ▲ The Eyjafjallajökull crater is about 3-4 km wide, whereas the summit is around 5,470 feet. Design Population-based prospective cohort study. Ten years ago this week, an eruption began in a crater under the ice cap of Eyjafjallajökull glacier, South Iceland. 6. Hence, the name of the volcano.