Type Ireland into the search box. The Common Blue Butterfly (Polyommatus icarus) is a small butterfly in the family Lycaenidae. 30-35mm (1.09 inches) [Small Tortoiseshell 50mm] The Common Blue is the most colourful of the Blues found in Ireland. As the holly blue butterfly caterpillar feeds on holly and ivy, holly blues are a common garden species found across England, Wales and parts of Ireland, with some sightings in Scotland. These species are quite distinctive, once you get your eye in, however if you see them in flight or even flick through an ID book you may be thinking that they all look rather alike. The butterfly’s name comes from the coloring of the wings. This butterfly is common throughout the UK. The upperwings of the female varies from brown to deep violet-blue and have a series of black-bordered orange cresent shaped marks at the outer margins. Adults emerge in April, with the first generation seen into June, followed by a second generation flying between July and early September. Butterflies of Ireland: This guide to the Butterflies of Ireland is divided into four family groups of butterflies containing brief details of all of the species of that group that are found in Ireland. Registered Office: Manor Yard, East Lulworth, Wareham, Dorset, BH20 5QP Very common and found in a variety of habitats especially sunny sheltered spots. These species are quite distinctive, once you get your eye in, however if you see them in flight or even flick through an ID book you may be thinking that they all look rather alike. ... Common blue. Common Blue. But I won’t hold that against him. All Genders Male Female Gynandromorph All Attributes ab. Larval Food Plant: Kidney Vetch Anthyllis vulneraria Foodplants. The brightly coloured males are … Other plants used include: Greater Bird's-foot-trefoil (L. pedunculatus), Black Medick (Medicago lupulina), Common Restharrow (Ononis repens), White Clover (Trifolium repens), Lesser Trefoil (T. dubium). This species has a widespread distribution across the Palaearctic region and in 2005 it was found as an invasive species in Mirabel, Quebec, Canada where it has continued to extend and colonise new areas. The more usual brown form of female common blue found in Ireland, Wales and England (Photograph taken 3 July 2016) Common blue is the commonest and most widespread of the three species of blue butterfly that we get in Ireland. It is the most common blue butterfly found in UK woodlands and gardens. This is the most widespread Lycaenid found in the British Isles and can be found almost anywhere, including Orkney. Aberrations. He is the photographer and co-author of Biodiversity Ireland’s identification guide on “Trees and Shrubs”. The common blue butterfly is a butterfly in the family Lycaenidae and subfamily Polyommatinae. Seen in suitable habitats throughout Ireland. There a great difference between the male and female in this species, the male being blue on the topside, while the female is much more brown in appearance (a small bit of blue is generally present close to the body), but the majority of the wings are brown with orange markings near the edges of the wings. Male uppersides are an iridescent lilac blue with a thin black border. It induced nightmares and possibly a hatred of, Many scientists have been grappling with a very depressing question: is Donald Trump the ‘’most anti-science’’ president the US has, Plant Crime: Mini-Ecosystems Under Threat, The 9th World Congress of Herpetology 9: A Review, White-tailed Bumblebee (Bombus lucorum) — ID Guide, Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta) — ID Guide, Early Bumblebee (Bombus pratorum) — ID Guide. There are often two broods, with eggs laid in June, then August and September. Also the Holly Blue is a woodland species and has an earlier flight period than this species. Common blue populations increased by 104% in 2018 - compared with 2017 - … A variety of different butterflies visit our gardens looking for food, places to breed, or spots to overwinter as adults, larvae or pupae. Irish Butterflies Photo Guide This site contains a photographic guide to the Butterflies of Ireland. See more ideas about Common blue butterfly, Butterfly, Blue butterfly. The butterfly is found throughout the Palearctic. Common blue – Polyommatus icarus LC The Irish subspecies is mariscolore (Kane, 1893) Holly blue – Celastrina argiolus LC More common in East and South. The two species occur in different habitats and … Habitat: The Small Blue, Ireland's smallest butterfly, is quite scarce and local in Ireland. Common Blue - polyommatus icarus This pretty butterfly is common and widespread throughout Ireland along canal banks, overgrown quarries and sand dunes. Ireland has three blue butterfly species, the Common Blue (which we’ll be looking at in this post) the Holly Blue and Ireland’s smallest butterfly the aptly named Small Blue. Common Blue Polyommatus (Lysandra) icarus . Over the next few weeks I’ll be covering the other two blue species, but this will be mainly focused on the Common Blue. In 2016, Oisín worked in conjunction with the National Biodiversity Data Centre to develop a plant monitoring scheme for Ireland. As mentioned above, the Small Blue is Ireland’s smallest butterfly species, with a wingspan range of only 20-30mm. The Common Blue dwells in meadows, grasslands and quarries throughout Ireland and the United Kingdom. Recently, however, there has been an estimated 96% population loss for the common blue due to habitat loss. Similar Species: This is the commonest blue in N. Ireland and the only blue-coloured butterfly likely to be seen in open habitats. The brightly coloured males are conspicuous but females are more secretive. Look at the following photographs of the Common Blue found in Ireland. Bird's foot trefoil. Scotland (SC039268), Website design & development by Headscape, Double your donation for one week only in the Big Give, Countries: England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. The larval foodplant of the species is Bird’s-Foot Trefoil (Lotus corniculatus) a common plant in the pea family. The male is a very attractive shiny blue, whereas the female is mainly brown. It is also found on waste ground, disused pits and quarries, golf courses, and urban habitats such as cemeteries. The Common Blue, Polyommatus icarus, is, as its name suggests, the most evident and by far the most widespread of Britain’s seven species of Blue butterflies. Examples of habitats include; downland, coastal dunes, undercliffs, road verges, acid grass and woodland clearings. The blue was deeper than usual but the depth of colour of a blue butterfly often depends on light intensity and viewing angle so this is not particularly decisive. Shawn is an American. Butterflies of Poland: Describes all butterfly species from Poland. Because other than being an American, Shawn, I first visited the Lilongwe Wildlife Centre (LWC) to volunteer in November 2017 and loved it so much that I returned not long, Three years ago I spent a month as a volunteer for Wildlife ACT on uMkhuze Game Reserve in KwaZulu-Natal, South, We have all seen, or at least heard of, the famous thriller/horror film Jaws. Click on any of the images to view a larger image and comparison specimen. They usually have some blue at the base of the wings and species in Ireland and Scotland are mostly blue but always have the red spots. Its only larval food plant is Kidney Vetch. Oisín is an active biological recorder, and current Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland (BSBI) Vice-county recorder for East Donegal (H34) and participates in a number of recording schemes run by the National Biodiversity Data Centre (NBDC), Bat Conservation Ireland (BCI) and others. During the Summer of 2016, he toured Ireland giving workshops for the Irish Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. Identification is easily confirmed by looking for the orange spots on the underside which is not shown by the only similar butterfly, the Holly Blue. Common Bird's-foot-trefoil (Lotus corniculatus) is the main foodplant. Less widespread in Northern Ireland, where it is mainly found in the east. When: From May all the way through September. The upperwings of the male Common Blue are a pale violet-blue with a silvery-blue colour towards the body. Living up to its name, this butterfly is the commonest blue found in the British Isles. Its small size is one of the key identification features as even though the other species of blue butterfly are not large, then are much bigger than the Small Blue. This difference is more subtle on the underside, but the female does appear more brown compared to the silvery/grey of the male. Tel: 01929 400 209Email: info@butterfly-conservation.orgCharity registered: England & Wales (254937). Each garden will attract a different set of butterflies depending on the plants, trees and shrubs present, and what the surrounding habitats are like. While the male has bright blue uppersides, the female is primarily brown, with a highly variable amount of blue. Common blue caterpillars hibernate and pupate in April and May giving rise to adults in May and June. There may be more to discover. Caterpillars feed mainly on the flower buds and berries of holly, ivy, spindle and dogwood. The Common B lue B utterfly (Polyommatus icarus) is of the family Lycaenidae which is in the genus Polyommatus. The Common Blue is the most widespread blue butterfly in Britain and Ireland and is found in a variety of grassy habitats. Has recently colonised the Edinburgh area. VAT No. The species is generally found in grasslands, but can also turn up in parklands and even wasteground. Copyright © 2020 | BioWeb.ie | Web Design by Karl McCarren. It can be seen through virtually the whole of Britain, apart from on the high tops of the Welsh mountains and the Scottish Highlands. The map below shows the distribution of the Common Blue. Latin: Polyommatus icarus mariscolore Irish: Gorán coiteann The Common Blue is one of our most common butterflies in the area and can be seen flying from May to as late as October. The colour of the upperwings of females varies from almost completely brown in southern England to predominantly blue in western Ireland and Scotland, but the colour is variable within local populations with some striking examples. GB 991 2771 89 The lack of orange spots on the hindwing also instantly tell it from the Common Blue the only similarly-coloured species in N. Ireland. See more ideas about Common blue butterfly, Blue butterfly, Butterfly. The females are usually brown above with a blue dusting and orange … Females are brown with a row of red spots along the edges. The wings of females are brown with a bit blue around their body and white edges, while the wings of males are blue with the dust black and white edges. This butterfly can be seen in Britain and Ireland, exactly on August. The Common Blue is the most widespread blue butterfly in Britain and Ireland and is found in a variety of grassy habitats. Meet Shawn. This notably is smaller than any of the other species we have looked at so far. It is found on coastal sand dunes and calcareous ground inland. Distribution Map for: Common Blue. It remains widespread but there have been local declines within its range. Both sexes have a … The names for this particular set of blue butterflies is actually quite useful, as the common blue (in my experience) is the most common of the species, the others require looking up and visiting particular sites (I’ll get to those in future weeks). Larval Foodplant: Bird’s-Foot Trefoil (Lotus corniculatus). Ireland has 32 resident and 3 common migrant butterfly species and while this is quite a manageable number to learn, some colour-groups of butterflies are more challenging than others. typical verso. common blue butterfly polyommatus icarus male upperwing. Female common blue form ‘Meriscolore’ considered an Irish subspecies. Ireland has three blue butterfly species, the Common Blue (which we’ll be looking at in this post) the Holly Blue and Ireland’s smallest butterfly the aptly named Small Blue. The butterfly can be found in Europe, North Africa, and the Canary Islands, but it is especially common throughout the British Isles. Widespread in the south and spreading northwards. It is active in sunshine but during dull weather it rests on grass stems with its wings closed and is not easily seen. Family Nymphalidae ... Butterfly Ireland; NHM Images of Ireland forms and subspecies on this site. #FlyingFriday While these butterflies may look very fuzzy, they’re not exactly unique. A common species throughout the UK and Ireland typical recto. Similar Species: This should be easily recognisable as it is the only blue likely to be seen in woodland. It appears to be single brooded in Ireland. typical verso. They are also described as being highly variable, with specimens in Ireland and Scotland having more blue markings. typical recto. Unlike Adonis and Chalkhill Blues, the dark veins do not extend into white fringes of wing margins. Common blue butterflies might be looking at another population boom thanks to the recent hot weather. Distribution: Throughout most of the country, although there are some gaps (Central North of the country). While the males appear similar in colouring, the butterfly varies in size, although this is a feature common to most species. Bird’s Foot Trefoil is also a foodplant for a number of other butterfly species as well as being an excellent food source for other pollinators. Butterflies in the Polyommatinae are collectively called blues, from the coloring of the wings. The Common Blue is a beautiful and small butterfly (35mm wing span). They are the only blue butterfly that occurs here (apart from the odd Holly Blue that has been seen). Common Blue (male/upperwing) - Peter Withers, Common Blue (male/upperwing) - Ivan Lynas, Common Blue (female/upperwing) - Iain Leach, Common Blue (female/upperwing) - Bob Eade, Common Blue (female/underwing) - Matt Berry, Common Blue (male/underwing) - Andrew Cooper, Company limited by guarantee, registered in England (2206468). Building a Community of Responsible Butterfly Enthusiasts in Britain & Ireland. He has a BA from NUIG and an MSc from NUIG and UL. Oisín Duffy is an ecologist and environmental educator with a special interest in the Flora of Ireland and Pollinators. Jun 9, 2019 - Explore Sharon Tattersall's board "Common blue butterfly" on Pinterest. ... Look at the following photographs of the Common Blue found in Ireland. Jun 25, 2019 - Explore Gwen Bennett's board "Common blue butterfly" on Pinterest. The underside is festooned with markings, some white, some black with white margins and distinctive orange blotches curved around the hind wing, this also extends onto the forewing also, but is very subtle in the male and very strong in the female. In addition to the Butterfly Species and Butterfly Locations sections, the General Information section contains detailed information on using this site, completing butterfly surveys, and listings of recommended books and links. Your email address will not be published. The apex of the forewing often looks more pointed than in specimens found in England. The caterpillars are short, green and furry. His most recent work has been as a photographer and author of the “Wildflowers in South Armagh”. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Common blue males usually have wings that are blue above with a black-brown border and a white fringe. It can also be found throughout North Africa, the Canary Islands and elsewhere in Europe. We are lucky that the females in this area are beautifully marked.
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