What is a tooth decay?
Tooth decay is often the result of poor diet and poor dental hygiene. Tooth decay is generally seen in the molars and premolars, which you use to chew food with.
Symptoms of tooth decay
A tooth decay is hardly recognizable at the beginning. As the decay is progressing, the following symptoms may occur:
- Sharp pain while eating anything very sweet, cold or hot
- Unpleasant breath
- Holes in your tooth
- Pain when you bite
- Appearance of grey or black spots in your teeth
- Increase sensitivity in your tooth
Treatment for tooth decay
At the very start of the tooth decay, a fluoride treatment is enough to avoid it. Fluoride-containing products like toothpaste, mouthwash and gel contain varying amounts of fluoride, but a professional fluoride treatment recommended by dentist is the most effective source.
When a cavity has progressed considerably, the dentist will remove the decayed portion , and then fill the gap using a variety of materials like composite resins, porcelains etc.
If a tooth has been extensively decayed, your dentist may recommend a dental crown instead of fillings.
Root Canal Treatment
When the tooth decay is extremely severe and has reached the inner pulp of the tooth, the dentist will recommend a root canal treatment. The pulp is removed, and replaced with an artificial pulp.
When the doctor thinks that the decay is progressed enough to have the possibility of a bigger infection, he will extract (pull out) the tooth. Extracting a tooth can lead to the other teeth shifting or moving, affecting the shape of the mouth. This can be corrected by replacing the extracted tooth with a dental implant.